As President Trump and his Republican allies proceed making an attempt to undermine the election, the certification of the vote totals in every state is the subsequent main step in formalizing President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s victory.
A key a part of the G.O.P. technique has been to delay certification processes in battleground states that Mr. Biden gained, within the hopes that, if state officers miss their deadlines, legislators will subvert the favored vote and appoint pro-Trump slates to the Electoral School. However that’s extremely unlikely to occur.
Right here’s a breakdown of the certification deadlines and different key dates in battleground states, and what is going to occur between now and Inauguration Day.
Friday, Nov. 20: Georgia
There’s a 5 p.m. Friday deadline for officers to certify election ends in Georgia, which Mr. Biden gained in a uncommon Democratic victory within the Deep South that has left Republicans deeply pissed off.
The Georgia secretary of state, Brad Raffensperger, a Republican, has mentioned the state will meet the Friday deadline regardless of having carried out a time-consuming hand recount of the 5 million ballots solid there.
Mr. Raffensperger is chargeable for certifying the outcomes, and he has fiercely defended the state’s electoral course of towards assaults from Mr. Trump. And on Thursday, a federal choose in Georgia — Steven Grimberg, whom Mr. Trump appointed — rejected a request to dam certification.
Mr. Trump’s marketing campaign might nonetheless ask for a machine recount of the vote, however Mr. Biden’s lead is much bigger than such a recount might be anticipated to beat.
Monday, Nov. 23: Michigan, Pennsylvania
Mr. Biden gained these two states.
Monday is the deadline for counties in Pennsylvania to certify their totals and ship them to Kathy Boockvar, the secretary of the commonwealth, who will certify the state outcomes. Pennsylvania doesn’t have a tough deadline for when Ms. Boockvar should log off, however there isn’t any purpose to count on a delay.
In Michigan, the Board of State Canvassers has scheduled a gathering on Monday to assessment and certify the outcomes beforehand licensed by canvassing boards in every county. Regardless of Republican protests over the certification of results in Wayne County, which incorporates Detroit, the state is predicted to certify on time.
Mr. Trump has invited Michigan Republican lawmakers to the White Home on Friday, and his marketing campaign is overtly making an attempt to dam the certification course of within the hopes of getting Republican state legislators to overrule hundreds of thousands of Michigan voters and appoint a pro-Trump slate to the Electoral School.
Legislators aren’t doubtless to do this. However even when they did, Gov. Gretchen Whitmer, a Democrat, might certify a separate, pro-Biden slate of electors. It will then be as much as Congress to decide on between the 2 slates, and election legal professionals say federal legislation would favor the governor’s, together with if Congress deadlocked. Congress might additionally, in idea, toss out Michigan’s electoral votes altogether — wherein case Mr. Biden would nonetheless win the Electoral School.
Tuesday, Nov. 24: Minnesota, North Carolina, Ohio
That is the certification deadline for Minnesota, North Carolina and Ohio, none of that are anticipated to be contentious. Mr. Biden gained Minnesota; Mr. Trump gained North Carolina and Ohio.
Monday, Nov. 30: Arizona, Iowa, Nebraska
Arizona has to certify its outcomes by this date, as do Iowa and Nebraska. Mr. Biden gained Arizona, Mr. Trump gained Iowa, and in Nebraska, Mr. Trump gained statewide however Mr. Biden gained one electoral vote within the state’s Second Congressional District.
The Arizona Republican Get together requested a court docket to postpone certification in Maricopa County, which incorporates Phoenix, however a choose rejected the request on Thursday.
Given this, counties are anticipated to certify on time and Katie Hobbs, the secretary of state and a Democrat, is predicted to log off on the ultimate, statewide certification.
No disputes are anticipated in Iowa or Nebraska that might delay certification.
Tuesday, Dec. 1: Nevada, Wisconsin
That is the deadline for Nevada and Wisconsin, each of which Mr. Biden gained, to certify their outcomes.
In Nevada, step one is for county commissioners to certify the outcomes and ship them to the secretary of state, who will current summaries to the Nevada Supreme Courtroom. In the end, the governor might want to verify the end result. The Trump marketing campaign has filed a lawsuit baselessly claiming that Mr. Trump really gained Nevada, and conservative teams are attempting to nullify the outcomes, however these claims are extremely unlikely to guide anyplace.
Wisconsin has already accomplished county-level certification, however the Trump marketing campaign is searching for a partial recount, which, if it proceeds, ought to be full by the deadline and isn’t anticipated to change the outcomes considerably. As soon as the recount is accomplished, the Wisconsin Elections Fee will meet to certify the outcomes statewide.
Tuesday, Dec. 8
This can be a key date within the democratic course of: If states resolve all disputes and certify their outcomes by Dec. 8, the outcomes ought to be insulated from additional authorized challenges, making certain that states gained by Mr. Biden will ship Biden delegates to the Electoral School.
The certification processes main as much as this date range from state to state, however the ultimate step is similar in all places below federal legislation: The governor of every state should compile the licensed outcomes and ship them to Congress, together with the names of the state’s Electoral School delegates.
Monday, Dec. 14
Electors will meet on Dec. 14 of their respective states and solid their votes. This vote is, constitutionally, what determines the subsequent president.
Mr. Biden has 306 electoral votes to Mr. Trump’s 232. Many states formally require their electors to vote for the candidate they pledged to vote for, usually the winner of the state’s well-liked vote. Traditionally, rogue electors have been few and much between, and have by no means altered the end result.
Wednesday, Jan. 6
Congress is finally chargeable for counting and certifying the votes solid by the Electoral School, and it’s scheduled to take action on Jan. 6.
If there are nonetheless disputes at this level — if Republican legislators in a state had been to nominate a pro-Trump Electoral School slate in opposition to voters’ will, for example, and the Democratic governor of the state had been to nominate a pro-Biden slate — it might be Congress’s job to resolve them. Election legislation specialists say that below federal statute, the governor’s slate ought to be favored.
Wednesday, Jan. 20
Mr. Biden might be sworn in because the forty sixth president of the USA.